Mathematical Notes

The concise theory of Al-Jabar

For the interested, mathematically-inclined reader, we outline the algebraic properties of Al-Jabar. This section is in no way essential for gameplay. Rather, the following notes are included to aid in analyzing and extending the game rules, which were derived using general formulas, to include sets having any number of “primary” elements, or comprised of game pieces other than colors.

Download the Mathematical Notes